The fig tree – It was one of the most important and recognized trees in Israel. It was a staple food and stories of its value and peril have been woven into Scripture since the Garden of Eden (Gen 3:7). In today’s study we will tackle the morning events on Holy Monday including: a fruitless fig tree and the second cleansing of the temple.
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Section 129a | Cursing of a Fig Tree
From Bethany to Jerusalem
[one_half last=”no” class=”” id=””]Matthew 21:18-19a
18 Now in the morning, as he returned to the city,1 he was hungry. 19 Seeing a fig tree2 by the road, he came to it, and found nothing on it but leaves. He said to it, “Let there be no fruit from you forever!”3 [/one_half]
[one_half last=”yes” class=”” id=””]Mark 11:12-14
12 The next day, when they had come out from Bethany, he was hungry.4 13 Seeing a fig tree5 afar off having leaves, he came to see if perhaps he might find anything on it. When he came to it, he found nothing but leaves, for it was not the season for figs.6 14 Jesus told it, “May no one ever eat fruit from you again!” and his disciples heard it.7[/one_half]
Section 129b | Second Cleansing of the Temple
Jerusalem, in the temple
[one_third last=”no” class=”” id=””]Matthew 21:12-13
12 Jesus entered into the temple of God, and drove out8 all of those who sold and bought in the temple, and overthrew the money changers’ tables and the seats of those who sold the doves.
13 He said to them, “It is written, ‘My house shall be called a house of prayer,’ but you have made it a den of robbers!” [/one_third]
[one_third last=”no” class=”” id=””]Mark 11:15-18
15 They came to Jerusalem,11 and began to throw out those who sold and those who bought in the temple,12 and overthrew the money changers’ tables,13 and the seats of those who sold the doves. 16 He would not allow anyone to carry a container through the temple. 17 He taught, saying to them, “Isn’t it written,14 ‘My house will be called a house of prayer for all the nations?’ But you have made it a den of robbers!”
18 The chief priests and the scribes heard it, and sought how they might destroy him. For they feared him,15 because all the multitude was astonished at his teaching.[/one_third]
[one_third last=”yes” class=”” id=””]Luke 19:45-48
45 He entered into the temple, and began to drive out those who bought and sold in it,
46 saying to them, “It is written, ‘My house is a house of prayer,’ but you have made it a ‘den of robbers’!” 47 He was teaching daily in the temple,16 but the chief priests, the scribes, and the leading men among the people sought to destroy him. 48 They couldn’t find what they might do, for all the people hung on to every word that he said.[/one_third]
- What is “righteous” anger, and how should it be expressed without causing injury to others or a sinful act on my own accord – in deed or thought?
- Am I standing in the way of someone else coming to God as did the money changers and vendors? How might I better clear the way for people to get closer to God and worship Him?
- In what ways is my life not fruitful? What can be pruned or cultivated to make it so?
- John 1:14 says that God in Christ “tabernacled” among us; and both Paul and Peter call the true church “a living temple” in which individual believers are “living stones” and Christ Himself is the “chief cornerstone.” Seeing how Christ cleansed the temple (twice), in what ways might you need to cleanse your life and put it to proper use for the purposes of God?
- Jesus and the disciples were returning to Jerusalem from Bethany where they had camped the night before
- This is the second occasion in which Jesus used a fig tree to communicate an important message to his disciples and us today. The first occasion is found in §109 in Phase 5c in which the messages is that there is time to fertilize a tree that is not producing fruit. But in this event, which is divided into three sections: 129a (Monday morning), 131 (later that evening – Tuesday for the Jews), and in §139e in the evening of Holy Tuesday, when Jesus’ time on earth has nearly come to an end.
- Remember that since the reign of King Solomon the House of Judah was symbolized by the fig tree (Jer 24:1-2). In light of such Jesus seems to be be using the fruitless fig tree (and cursing this one) as a symbol that Judah had run out of time. Even after three years of ministry, the majority of the Priests, Pharisees, Sadducees and temple leaders’ hearts were hardened. Not long (thirty-seven years) after their ultimate rejection of the Messiah (the Crucifixion) Titus led the Roman army in AD 70 destroying the second Temple and the rule of Judah. That event (described by Josephus), and the destruction of the 1st temple by the Babylonians in 586 B.C., is memorialized annually in Tisha B’av (9th of Av: July 31-Aug 1, 2017) which is a day of fasting and expectation. It was a fate long since prophesied by John the Baptist §22 Mt 3:10; Lk 3:9.
- We should spend some time here thinking about the humanity of Christ showing itself in his hunger as it did during his temptation in the desert (§25). As we do so consider the importance of such experiences and his divinity (CR. Heb 2:7-18, 4:15; Phl 2:7-8)
- Clarence Larkin in his meaty Pamphlet, God’s Plan and Purposes in the Ages, offers his thoughts on the Jesus’ use of the vine, the olive, and the fig tree.
- The tree must not have even had the fruit buds. Typically the Taksh (the first unripe figs) appear in April. The fruit buds appear on the branches in February on the newest branches from the previous season, then over the summer the leaves emerge and the first fruit ripens.
- Some scholars suggest that this verse is to denote the disciples surprise at Jesus’ action, which it certainly did, but it is more likely included in the text to denote that Jesus didn’t mutter the curse under his breath. As you’ll read in §139e he wanted them to understand the importance, reason, and meaning of the cursed fig tree.
- This is the second time Jesus cleansed the temple. The first (three years before) was recorded in §31 John 2:13-22.
- This would be the second time in Holy Week which Jesus entered Jerusalem, the first being his triumphal entry §128b the day before (Palm Sunday).9 and Jesus entered into the temple,10The court of the Gentiles (diagram)
- That is those who were selling lambs for the Passover. Pastor Chuck Smith explains that outside of the temple area you could buy a lamb for just fifteen cents, but the priest would examine it carefully looking for a blemish, though those that were bought for five dollars in the temple precincts passed without any inspection. The sheep and oxen were probably for the “Chagiga” the “remembrance meal” (which Jesus and the disciples celebrated in the upper room) that begins Passover to its spiritual fulfillment.
- Money changers were ‘needed’ because the priest would not accept unclean Roman coins in the temple treasury (see: The Coinage of the Herodian Dynasty (37 B.C.E.–C. 95 C.E.) in the Encyclopedia Judaica). There is nothing in the Torah that required this, it was an act of greed, a business opportunity the religious leaders invented – and Jesus would have none of it.
- Jesus is quoting Isaiah 56:7 and Jeremiah 7:11.
- Not only was Jesus qualified to be the Ruling Zadok (Melchizedek) he also threatened the financial power of Ciaphas and the many loved and followed him. Like John the Baptist, he would not tolerate the corrupted priestly activity in The Temple at that time. Jesus was the one man with Davidian and Zadokite bloodlines back to Aaron (See §3) for which John too was executed (§71b). Jesus had the royal bloodline as a Priest-King of Israel, the miracles he performed were evidence that he had the messianic mantle and his very presence was a direct threat to The House of Annanias and his son-in-law, Caiphas, the high priest.
- Jesus was teaching there in the second temple. For more on the Temple Mount and the tribulation the Bible Scholar and Physicist Lambert Dolphin offers sound teaching as to the events and Scriptures concerning the first, second, third (and fourth) temples.